what is Piles ?

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins located in the lower rectum and anus. They are a common condition affecting both men and women. Piles can cause discomfort and may lead to more serious health problems if left untreated.

There are two types of piles, internal and external. Internal piles are inside the anus and are usually not painful. External piles are outside the anus and can be painful, especially if they become thrombosed (a blood clot forms inside).

The exact cause of piles is not known, but certain factors can increase the risk of developing them. Some of these factors include:

  • Constipation or straining during bowel movements
  • A diet that is low in fiber and high in processed foods
  • Sitting for long periods of time
  • Pregnancy
  • Aging
  • Chronic diarrhea

The symptoms of piles can include:

  • Bleeding during bowel movements
  • Itching or irritation in the anal area
  • Pain or discomfort in the rectum or anus
  • A lump near the anus that may be sensitive or painful
  • A feeling of fullness in the rectum after a bowel movement

Treatment for piles depends on the severity of the condition. In many cases, simple lifestyle changes, such as increasing fiber intake, drinking more water, and avoiding prolonged sitting, can relieve symptoms. Over-the-counter creams and ointments can also help relieve itching and pain.

In more severe cases, other treatments may be necessary. These can include:

  • Sclerotherapy: A chemical solution is injected into the piles to shrink them
  • Rubber band ligation: A small rubber band is placed around the base of the piles to cut off the blood supply, causing them to shrink and eventually fall off
  • Infrared coagulation: A special device is used to burn the piles
  • Surgery: In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the piles.

It is important to see a doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of piles, as they can be indicative of more serious health problems. The earlier the condition is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome is likely to be.

In conclusion, piles are a common condition that can cause discomfort and lead to more serious health problems if left untreated. The best way to prevent piles is to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a diet high in fiber, drinking plenty of water, and regular exercise. If you are experiencing symptoms of piles, it is important to see a doctor to determine the best course of treatment.


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