what is Palpitations ?
Palpitations are the sensation of feeling one's own heartbeat or fluttering in the chest. It is a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of conditions, including physical or psychological factors.
Physical causes of palpitations can include:
- Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) such as atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)
- Thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism
- Electrolyte imbalances
- Heart disease
- stimulant drugs like caffeine, nicotine, and decongestants
- Exercise or physical activity
- Hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy
On the other hand, psychological causes can include:
- Panic disorder
In some cases, palpitations may occur as a result of a combination of physical and psychological factors.
Palpitations can be harmless, but they can also be a sign of a more serious underlying heart condition. It is important to seek medical evaluation if palpitations are accompanied by other symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or fainting.
Diagnosing the underlying cause of palpitations requires a comprehensive medical evaluation. This may include a physical exam, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood tests, echocardiogram, or stress tests.
Treatment for palpitations will depend on the underlying cause. If palpitations are caused by an underlying heart condition, treatment may involve medications or procedures to regulate the heartbeat. If palpitations are caused by anxiety or stress, therapy, relaxation techniques, and lifestyle changes may be recommended. In some cases, medication may also be prescribed to help manage the symptoms of anxiety or depression.
It is also important to make lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of palpitations and improve overall heart health. This may include quitting smoking, reducing alcohol and caffeine consumption, maintaining a healthy diet, and engaging in regular physical activity.
In conclusion, palpitations are a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of conditions. It is important to seek medical evaluation if palpitations are accompanied by other symptoms or persist over time. With proper treatment, many people with palpitations can manage their symptoms and reduce the risk of more serious heart conditions.