What is Obesity ?
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat accumulates to an extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. It is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.
Obesity is caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Overconsumption of high-calorie foods and a sedentary lifestyle are the most common causes of obesity. Other factors such as hormonal imbalances, certain medications, and lack of sleep can also contribute to weight gain and obesity.
The health risks associated with obesity are numerous and can have a significant impact on quality of life. Some of the most common obesity-related health problems include type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, joint problems, certain types of cancer, and depression.
To diagnose obesity, a doctor will typically use a BMI calculation, which takes into account a person's height and weight. Other diagnostic tools include measuring body fat percentage, waist circumference, and skinfold thickness.
Treatment for obesity usually involves a combination of diet, physical activity, and lifestyle changes. In severe cases, bariatric surgery may be recommended.
Dietary changes that can help with weight loss include reducing portion sizes, limiting calorie-dense foods, and increasing the consumption of whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Regular physical activity, such as exercise or increased physical activity throughout the day, is also important in managing weight.
In conclusion, obesity is a serious health concern that affects a growing number of people globally. It is important to identify and address the root causes of obesity to prevent and treat this condition effectively. A balanced diet, regular physical activity, and lifestyle changes can help prevent and treat obesity and its associated health problems.