what is Cervical cancer ?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is the second most common cancer in women worldwide.
Symptoms of cervical cancer can include unusual vaginal bleeding, discharge, and pain during sex. However, many women do not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. That is why regular cervical cancer screenings, such as a pap smear, are important for early detection.
Risk factors for cervical cancer include early sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, smoking, and a weakened immune system. Using barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms, can help lower the risk of HPV infection.
Diagnosis of cervical cancer is made through a pap smear, colposcopy, and biopsy. Treatment options for cervical cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the stage of the cancer and the overall health of the patient.
HPV vaccines, such as Gardasil 9, can help prevent the most common types of HPV and reduce the risk of cervical cancer. It is recommended for girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 26 to receive the HPV vaccine to protect against future infections.
Prevention of cervical cancer can also include regular cervical cancer screenings, practicing safe sex, and quitting smoking. Women should start getting pap smears at age 21 or within 3 years of becoming sexually active, and continue getting them regularly as recommended by their healthcare provider.
In conclusion, cervical cancer is a preventable and treatable disease. Regular cervical cancer screenings and HPV vaccination can help detect and prevent cervical cancer. If you have any concerns about your cervical health, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider.